We can respond that the truth of the premise does not demonstrate the conclusion. Human slavery is also a traditional practice, but hardly demonstrates that there is nothing wrong with human slavery. Since tradition does not justify slavery, it doesn't justify eating meat, either. Here is another example, from philosophy: Some philosophers contend that innate ideas do not exist.
As evidence they point to mathematics as a candidate for innate ideas and then point out that nobody has ever seen a newborn baby doing mathematical calculations. We might respond that the evidence is true, but point out that we don't see evidence of it because newborns can't talk and can't manipulate objects that allow them to draw diagrams and write out math problems.
Their inability to do these things might still allow them have innate mathematical ideas in advance of being able to communicate them in the usual ways.
The more you know about argument fallacies and what it takes to put together a strong argument, the easier it is to critique arguments. Show that the conclusion itself is not believable This approach ignores the premises and assumptions in favor of focusing attention on the conclusion. The problem with this strategy is that you will have to have a very good reason to deny the conclusion is true when you cannot point to flaws in the reasoning that supports it! It suggests that you are just being stubborn and refusing to look at the evidence!
About the only thing that you can do in this case is to construct a powerful reductio ad absurdum. Other strategies offering evidence that it is false, or showing that reliable authorities reject it are weak here because they still leave the opponent's evidence right where it was, supporting the conclusion, leaving the impression that there are good arguments both ways.
We might conclude that the matter is undecided and not that the opponent's thesis is false. So while a direct assault on the conclusion is a questionable strategy, it is powerful when paired with one or both of the other two. Final advice Be fair!
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Be accurate in summarizing the arguments you critique. Be thorough. Deal with all of the arguments! Obviously, most arguers will give several different reasons in support of their conclusion. A critique usually begins with the strongest of them, and proceeds to examine each of them, one at a time.
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It is wrong to focus only on the weaker arguments when several are given, for this is to misrepresent the strength of the opponent's position by committing the fallacy of straw man. If there are a lot of arguments to deal with, the best strategy is to focus directly on the conclusion you want to dispute, and concentrate on showing it is false or questionable.
Stay on task. Do not get personal! Do not shift attention to the person who wrote the argument. The person who gives the argument is not the issue.
Anyone who fails to pay child support for their own daughter is a jerk. Suppose that's all that's said to prove that Frank is a jerk which is the conclusion.
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So the only premise is "Anyone who fails to pay child support for their own daughter is a jerk. One is that Frank has a daughter. The other is that Frank isn't paying child support for that daughter.
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It requires some time to find out different points of view, so don't be lazy to read the necessary articles. Define which opinion you will support and which one will be disagreeable for you.
In case you are in two minds, highlight both in your work - 'weighing' the arguments 'for' and 'against' will make your readers make up their own viewpoint. Start your work with the statement that is the essence of your work. Then proceed to the main body. Present your readers with convincing arguments. Describe the topic accurately for your readers to have a complete picture on the subject. Don't forget to bring light on both standpoints, otherwise it would be a supportive one viewpoint work. For your essay to sound convincing back up your ideas with facts, quote the necessary statements from the most valuable sources.
With these guidelines in mind, read these 20 evaluation essay topics to spark your next paper and pick a topic that sparks your interest!go
Use these topics to help you find the perfect idea. One last piece of advice: Remember to keep a pen and paper or tablet handy to take notes about your subject! Need some additional advice on choosing evaluation essay topics? Read this quick overview and this short article. Get inspiration from over , example essays.