There are several categories of antidepressants, but doctors often start with a class of drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors SSRIs , and may try other medications if the patient's condition didn't improve.
Depression and Anti-Social Behavior
SSRIs target the brain's serotonin, a signaling chemical neurotransmitter that studies have found to be involved in depression. This class of medication includes fluoxetine commonly known as Prozac , sertraline Zoloft , paroxetine Paxil , escitalopram Lexapro and citalopram Celexa. Side effects, which are usually temporary, include changes in sexual desire, digestive problems, headache, insomnia and nervousness.
Medications take time — usually 2 to 4 weeks — to work, and often symptoms such as appetite, concentration problems and sleep improve before people may notice mood changes, according to the National Institute of Mental Health. Psychotherapy: Also known as talk therapy or counseling, this treatment has been shown to help some patients with depression. Several studies have suggested that combining psychotherapy and medication together works best for treating people with severe depression.
Different types of psychotherapy include cognitive-behavioral therapy, which helps a person change negative thought patterns and replace them with healthier ones, as well as interpersonal therapy, which is designed to help someone understand and work through difficult relationships, according to the National Institute of Mental Health. Another form of psychotherapy is problem-solving therapy, which involves coming up with realistic solutions to cope with stressful situations. Less common treatments: For patients with severe depression who have not responded to any medication or psychotherapy, doctors may consider transcranial magnetic stimulation TMS , according to the Mayo Clinic.
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TMS involves receiving brief magnetic pulses on the scalp to stimulate nerve cells in the brain that are thought to be involved in mood regulation and depression. Live Science. Researchers are developing blood tests to diagnose depression, removing the subjectivity and stigma of a depression diagnosis. However, anxiety can become severe enough that it affects a person's ability to function properly on a daily basis. In this case, it can be classified as an anxiety disorder.
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These forms of anxiety are common and require treatment. You can start your essays on anxiety by looking for inspiration from sample papers. In doing so, you will be able to write the best outline, introduction, and conclusion for an anxiety essay.
A Study on Anxiety Disorders and Their Negative Impact on People Recent years have seen a growing public awareness of the nature and scale of anxiety disorders as they affect majority of people. Many questions arose around treating this issue because anxiety disorders were not considered as serious mental illnesses until the end of XX century, Anxiety 3 Pages.
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Psychological Medicine. September Psychological Bulletin. Archived from the original on 23 December Retrieved 14 January Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fifth edition. In: Neurology in Clinical Practice, 6th Edition. Butterworth Heinemann.
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Perspectives on Psychological Science. Addictive Behaviors. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology. Prior victimization from workplace bullying moderates the relationship between daily exposure to negative acts and subsequent depressed mood". Psychology Today. Retrieved 26 March Coping, depressed mood and divergent thinking in older adults".
Research Digest. Retrieved on The American Journal of Psychiatry. The Journal of Psychology. UN News. Retrieved 27 June The New York Times. The Guardian.
ICD - 10 : F Emotions list. Emotional intelligence. Authority control GND : Categories : Abnormal psychology Depression psychology Emotions Neuropsychology Psychiatric diagnosis Psychological states.
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What Is Depression - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment | Live Science